Honey is basically just another form of sugar to the body, but since it's more expensive, people tend to use it more wisely than white sugar or another form of sugar we call corn syrup.
* This can be disputed, see comments below.
When gasoline is too cheap, like eating unhealthy white sugar, society tends to promote sprawling development.
More expensive gas would support use of public transportation and compact urban development. Stuff the Growth Management Act, in Washington State, tries to promote. Growth Management tries to focus development into certain areas, but like a leaky sieve, development keeps sprawling. It sprawls one spacious parking lot at a time.
More expensive gasoline can create economic incentive for focused growth.
More expensive oil can help domestic energy production as well. I hear that America now produces more oil than it imports. When gas prices go up, oil deposits like the Bakken Shale, in North Dakota, become more viable. Green energy becomes more viable also.
Like using honey instead of corn syrup.